What differentiates a tally stick or sea shell (both have been used as currency) from say a GB pound note, dollar or carbon credit certificate? You can't pay your taxes with the former. This means that carbon credits are in fact a currency form and the desperation of the EC and UN, and banker cartel to maintain the credit fraud despite the mountain of evidence that makes them unjustified and unjustifiable tells me that they are part of an agenda. Because the morals of the EC-UN have been demonstrated wholly absent from many aspects such a fraud and confidence trick is entirely within their self designated purview.
Carbon credits are promissory notes, the promise to pay is (I believe illegally) written into legislation coded as obligation to reduce emissions of CO2 or offset the emissions by buying credits. The extra money needed to buy credits is by revenue taken from end users. Because the energy supply companies and various retail businesses have increased user bills not as a result of regular business costs such as gas prices (that wholesale have fallen) that means the cost of the credit certificates has been paid by the end user with no equivalent service or good in return. The number of offsets required is determined by end users availing themselves of the goods provided (e.g. energy) any charges above that must be shown on the bill in the way that VAT is. The credit certificates belong to end users by right of purchase. The e.g. energy supplier must provide credits to the end user commensurate with the price increment due to their purchase.
Consumers should demand the certificates from the carbon credit purchasers and use them to settle tax bills.
Because wind turbines fail to reduce emissions as shown in study after study, because their fabrication, transport, erection, operation and maintenance creates a carbon debt as well as real pollution the turbine operators must bow to the law of the land, get their carbon debt calculated and pay the same as other plant food producers. Credits created by investment in them are unlawful. They must be recovered by the sellers and destroyed. The proportion bought with public monies via subsidies must be handed over to public ownership.
The unjustifiable penalty of carbon credit purchase or emissions reduction must be applied to all or none otherwise the government and the authorities are guilty of unlawful exclusions and must answer to the courts.
Unjustifiable? There is NO CREDIBLE EVIDENCE that human CO2 emissions affect climate temperature variation as a so-called greenhouse gas in any way. All CO2 based model scenarios used by the IPCC to predict the climate have failed repeatedly, and the IPCC is also guilty of bias and deceit in their advice to governments, performing as an advocacy rather than an independent reviewer of climate research.
As plant food a NASA study showed that increasing vegetation due to enhanced growth offsets warming. 'Greener' Climate Prediction Shows Plants Slow Warming
Action needs to be taken by the justice system (if it still exists) to protect humanity.
A very good source of wind energy studies and study reviews that show fairly and competently the negative aspects of wind energy inclusion in the energy mix can be found at Master Resource. http://www.masterresource.org
CER certificates are permits to emit carbon dioxide and so do nothing to reduce emissions. Their purchase supposes carbon emissions will be offset elsewhere to an arbitrary value set by unelected bodies or the market.
David Suzuki "...many environmentalists oppose the use of tree-planting to mitigate climate change"
Christian Science Monitor "...often, those who get the “green credits” thinking their own carbon emissions have been offset, are fooled. The Vatican was among them."
Washington Times "Unfortunately, proving that emissions cuts are reductions that would not have occurred absent the offset payments is proving difficult."
Breakthrough Institute "...accuse the companies, based largely in China and India, of creating greenhouse gas emissions for the sole purpose of earning credits from destroying them."
Guardian "Billions of pounds are being wasted in paying industries in developing countries to reduce climate change emissions, according to two analyses of the UN's carbon offsetting programme"
There are many other instances.