November 29th, 2010

Carbon dioxide negativity

Here is what goes on in the atmosphere when CO2 meets IR in its frequencies.
The simple truth is that CO2 has only been shown to absorb energy as IR and in the same moment release it because CO2 cannot hold additional energy. The fate of the released energy is not quantified in terms of an open atmosphere.

What happens is that the surface absorbs solar energy and emits IR. Land stores energy only as long as air temperature suppresses release. The atmosphere is a weak reservoir of energy, it loses T rapidly, counted in hours in the absence of solar input. As air T falls the land cools rapidly, e.g. day to night and summer to winter for land affected by the height of the Sun above the horizon and not at a fairly constant high humidity level, i.e. other than the Tropics. Oceans being less opaque to incoming radiation store energy more deeply and so for longer. This is clearly shown by coastal regions cooling more slowly than inland areas.

The surface emits energy. Focusing on surface IR radiation, for a given amount of emitted energy there is a constant exchange between molecules and between energy forms. A collision with a CO2 molecule, provided the molecule doesn't pass on the energy by contact will cause the CO2 to emit radiation in its frequency range that will be predominantly absorbed by WV (whose ranges of absorption overlap CO2's), residually by another CO2 molecule. Adding more CO2 will increase the likelihood of radiation being created but as this travels at the speed of light the reaction and reabsorption is momentary, the moment increasing in duration as we follow the energy trail upwards. Sideways emitted radiation is irrelevant to the argument. Downward radiation meets increasing density (in population of atoms per m3, ppm is misleading) and the radiation emitted has an increasingly shorter lifespan. That slightly less CO2 emitted IR is emitted down than up is a factor due to curvature of the surface and atmosphere that biases the flow upwards. So we can make an observation, number 1.

Adding more CO2 increases the likelihood of IR production in the air. Because the bias is upwards, increased radiation downwards is over compensated by upwards radiation.

So we have X amount of energy as IR emitted by the surface, CO2 passes most of it (near 100%) to kinetic or potential by collision within 100mtrs and that contributes to accelerating convective and conductive upward flow, accelerating those cooling mediums whereas in IR form the IR would otherwise be lost to space. Downward emitted radiation e.g. from clouds, meets a similar fate due to the CO2 population, increasingly contributing to other means of upward movement of heat energy with distance travelled downwards. That gives the second observation.

Adding more CO2 increases the likelihood of IR energy being converted to kinetic and potential energy that must enhance convective and conductive upward transfer of energy.

At the top of the troposphere the predominant method of energy transfer across the tropopause boundary (temperature inversion) is by radiation. With a higher population of radiation producing molecules, a higher proportion of energy is converted and is available for transfer. The radiation that is not absorbed and remitted upwards is converted to the other energy forms and conveyed back upwards. Even were the fraction radiated downward not less than 50% diminishing downward penetration due to increasing atmos. density guarantees a greater proportion of energy is radiated up with an increasing population of CO2. hence a third observation.

At the tropopause an increasing population of CO2 leads to a higher rate of collision-conduction stimulated IR emission by CO2 and so increases upwards transmission whose volume exceeds downwards transmission as discussed above.

Why did upward radiation at the TOA in CO2 IR frequencies fall before increasing? When talking of the CO2 IR frequencies, gross the amount is around 8% of the spectrum. Where WV is present in sufficient volume, it is responsible for absorbing much of the IR in the CO2 frequencies where there is overlap. So WV is mostly responsible for blocking CO2's OLR (outgoing longwave rad.). Since the top of the troposphere emissions have shown an increase in CO2 IR upward emissions, this can be considered evidence that increasing emissions to space are occurring due to the increasing productivity of the higher density of CO2 that in turn is caused by a reduction in the IR taken by WV. The upper atmosphere including the stratosphere dried (Sue Solomon) as the stratosphere cooled due to successive eruptions. Aerosol injection by eruptions provided the base for condensation and crystal formation. The reducing TSI seen this century has meant less solar UV energy for ozone to convert to heat so recovery has been further slowed as ozone forms more slowly in cooler temperatures. A cooling stratosphere causes a slowing of air currents, a less turbulent tropopause and easier passage for the crystal precipitation downwards. Lower levels of UV reaching the oceans both due to ozone recovery and reducing solar emission has reduced evaporation, the main supply source for the upper atmos. WV reservoir. The next observation is thus arrived at.

WV stores IR energy in the frequencies shared with CO2, preferentially where there is an overwhelming WV volume, and radiates at frequencies outside CO2 ranges. Reducing humidity leaves absorption of IR in the overlap absorption ranges increasingly to CO2. CO2 does not store energy and radiates IR in its frequencies.

CO2 warming influence in the stratosphere is not considered relevant due to the decreasing with height population per m3 and the air temperature rising with height from the inversion at the tropopause. CO2's IR frequencies are so low in energy that they cannot increase the temperature where molecules are at a higher energy level. It is relevant when considering upward radiation emission, in a drying stratosphere there are less molecules that trap CO2 IR frequencies so more energy is radiated to space.



The diagram prepared by Cimate4you can be approximately related to year by comparing CO2 values. [1965 on the left, 2010 on the right. 360 ppm equates to 1995 according to MLO]
OLR data from NOAA 10.5-12.5 µm - 179oE and 179oW and 90oN and 90oS June 1974 to July 2010.
Source and full specs here.


The final observation.

In the presence of WV the influence of CO2 additions in delaying energy movement upwards is at least insignificant to a high order and very likely accelerates it insignificantly.
In the presence of molecules at a higher energy level than that produced by CO2 IR frequencies, CO2 cannot increase those energy levels by IR absorption.
Due to the upward bias caused by curvature of the planet surface and atmos. and due to decreasing density with height, additions to the CO2 reservoir accelerate the upward flow of energy.
In the absence of WV, due to CO2's inability to store energy, additions to the CO2 reservoir further accelerate the upward movement of energy.
CO2 does not manufacture energy and so cannot increase the energy level, i.e. increase the temperature.
CO2 fails to enhance warming at any volume seen and very likely at any achievable level.
With reducing energy input CO2 enhances cooling.

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Separately, the climate is cooling and there is evidence.
Reducing evaporation leads to lower humidity in the upper atmos. This allows higher levels of radiation in WV's frequencies resulting from molecule collisions to be emitted to space. This is offset by a corresponding reduction in cloud formation causing a lower level of solar radiation to be reflected by albedo but that is compromised by less upward IR radiation being absorbed by the clouds and increasing ice albedo at the surface. The reduction in energy reaching the surface due to rising ozone volume and reducing solar activity further enhances the cooling effect of increasing IR radiation.

The climate is varied by surface IR production due to solar emissions that are moderated by ozone and albedo, WV production that determines the detention period of IR, cloud and upper atmos. ice crystal formation (volume) that are a significant determinant of albedo, and political interference in aerosol and sulphate emission by human activity. In a warming atmosphere CO2 is irrelevant. In a cooling atmosphere CO2 accelerates cooling, albeit insignificantly.


Image source and additional info as for the other image.

Cloud albedo
Solar activity
Solar irradiance and sunspot number
and more

Also see Ozone and Rapid Climate Variation
 

Banksterism - Covert Warfare and Overt Retaliation - CCNet Updates

Political, financial and cultural manipulation by idealists leads to catastrophe

Banksterism
In lockstep with the imminent collapse of the federalisation by stealth scam we an have imminent collapse of the bankster fiat currency scam whose close-coupled fractional reserve banking scam will simultaneously flounder, probably without any of the criminal operators being held accountable due to the complicity of governments in permitting the illegal creation of currency by unauthorised banks.
Anxious to keep the flow of public funds to its tax avoiding faux green investment business (such is typically dubbed corporate welfare), Deutsche Bank's climate propaganda section had a pop at realists in an unfortunately light on truth "Climate Change: Addressing the Major Skeptic Arguments".
Fortunately Ross McKitrick is on the case. A major bank advising its clients with misconstrued information is a cause for deep concern. Integrity is not a close companion of usurers however so nothing unusual has taken place.
Where to look:
The Deutsche Bank document (revised): http://www.dbcca.com/dbcca/EN/_media/DBCCAColumbiaSkepticPaper090710.pdf
McKitrick's response:
http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/images/stories/papers/reprint/response_deutsche_bank.pdf

Discussion at Climate Matters (Home page): 
Response to misinformation from Deutsche Bank part Part I
Response to misinformation from Deutsche Bank part Part II

Madeleine Rubenstein: Answering Claims of the Climate Skeptics: An Introduction

The strongest argument is that the correlation between CO2 and temperature in 800,000 years of ice core data (that is unsupported by any other proxy and whose usefulness has been strongly challenged) indicate that CO2 enhances warming. It doesn't explain how that fancy fails as CO2 continued to increase for hundreds of years after T reversed direction. T increased a similar number of years before CO2 rose. Obviously a third was involved. The combination of oceans warmed by solar radiation and ocean floor tectonic and volcanic activity was the third factor.

Greece → Ireland → Portugal → Spain → Italy → UK → ? Europe's Financial Domino Effect
While it is tempting to assume that the Eurozone bailouts mean that creditor nations which have managed their economies well and saved huge amounts of excess reserves which they lend out, Sean Corrigon points out that the European bailouts are a Ponzi scheme:
Under the rules of this multi-trillion shell game, the sovereigns guarantee the ECB which funds the banks which buy the government debt which provides for everyone else's guarantees.
(America is no different: Bill Gross, Nouriel Roubini, Laurence Kotlikoff, Steve Keen, Michel Chossudovsky and the Wall Street Journal all say that America is running a giant Ponzi scheme as well. And both America and Europe are trying to cover up the insolvency of their banks by running faux stress tests.)

It didn't have to be like this. The European nations did not have to sacrifice themselves for the sake of their big banks.

As Roubini wrote in February:
"We have decided to socialize the private losses of the banking system."

Roubini believes that further attempts at intervention have only increased the magnitude of the problems with sovereign debt. He says, "Now you have a bunch of super sovereigns— the IMF, the EU, the eurozone—bailing out these sovereigns."
Essentially, the super-sovereigns underwrite sovereign debt—increasing the scale and concentrating the problems. Roubini characterizes super-sovereign intervention as merely kicking the can down the road.

He says wryly: "There's not going to be anyone coming from Mars or the moon to bail out the IMF or the Eurozone."
But, despite the paper shuffling of debt at the national level—and at the level of supranational entities—reality ultimately intervenes: "So at some point you need restructuring. At some point you need the creditors of the banks to take a hit —otherwise you put all this debt on the balance sheet of government. And then you break the back of government—and then government is insolvent."
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Covert Warfare and overt retaliation
The battle for sovereignty progressing in the western world continues apace.Normal folks don't perceive the battles as they don't see destruction of property in the way bombs, shells and bullets manifest. But it is war nevertheless. Land is being destroyed by wind farms, solar panels and roads to service them. Countries are being invaded not by enemy forces but by foreigners, driving down the price of labour, semi skilled and skilled jobs, burdening the social services to breaking point and causing increasing housing shortages. This is being carried out under the pretext of a forecast labour shortage while the enemy is driving business and jobs abroad by increasing energy prices that increase the price of everything. An unpayable national debt has been created and now the country's treasures are being picked off. The UK is being raped. Immigration and unemployment are causing aggressive behaviour to increase, that and false terrorist scares are being used to increase security and surveillance measures. And sovereignty is being transferred in plain view drip by drip. Merkel altering the Lisbon constitution was the latest manoeuvre. This is all happening slowly and for the most part under the radar of us commoners. Media is either complicit or not seeing what is happening. The UK's culture, national and personal wealth, the nature of the countryside, our social system, particularly the health system is changing for the worse.

How we live, what we eat what we read, what our kids are taught is no longer under the control of the people. The biggest victory for the enemy was persuading people to believe CO2 is harmful. That has caused mass strife and starvation through boondoggles such as biofuel that forced and continues to force food prices, the knock-on effect has increased the price of everything. Wind farms have multiple downsides beyond their inefficiency. Energy price hikes in their name have caused energy poverty and a decrease in living standards across the western world and down under. Eco fascism hiding behind a false cloak of green socialism has made giant inroads into countries across the world. Eco fascism is the enemy. The UK coalition government is supportive of the enemy. The US government is supportive of the enemy. The European Commission works for the enemy. The UN works for the enemy. Central banks are a face of the enemy. Fiat currencies and illegal currency issuance by banks (counterfeiting with government approval) are weapons. Open borders are weapons of the enemy. Dragging the world down to the lowest common denominator, the transfer of sovereignty to a centralised hierarchy (the EU is a stepping stone to enable this) is a target of the enemy. other, reduction in populations and regulation to the highest degree are ambitions that are being achieved in heinous ways. Econuts are little more than collaborators.
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Small victories but with high costs perhaps
Doomed I tell you, DOOMED. The euro will collapse and the EU project that is populated like a sanatorium for cloud cuckoo land idealists controlled by dangerous fascists will fail. In the UK our "wise" (or should that be traitorous?) leaders are skillfully tethering the UK ever more tightly to the downhill-speeding gravy train that is headed for a tight curve. Ireland is a demonstration of the eco fascist intent. Their sovereignty has been taken and all they could muster was a protest of 50,000 or so. If I was an optimist I would see criminal irresponsibility trials and sacrificial goats in the coming years. But the truth is when sovereignty is lost, control of the judiciary passes to the possessor.

Nigel Farage does not pull his punches. Nor is he poorly informed.
Nigel Farage To European Parliament: "The Euro Game Is Up... Just Who The Hell Do You Think You Are? You Are Very Dangerous People"
"Good morning Mr. van Rompuy, you've been in office for one year, and in that time the whole edifice is beginning to crumble, there's chaos, the money's running out, I should thank you - you should perhaps be the pinup boy of the euroskeptic movement. But just look around this chamber this morning, look at these faces, look at the fear, look at the anger. Poor Barroso here looks like he's seen a ghost. They're beginning to understand that the game is up. And yet in their desperation to preserve their dream, they want to remove any remaining traces of democracy from the system. And it's pretty clear that none of you have learned anything. When you yourself Mr. van Rompuy say that the euro has brought us stability, I supposed I could applaud you for having a sense of humor, but isn't this really just the bunker [or banker?] mentality. Your fanaticism is out in the open. You talk about the fact that it was a lie to believe that the nation state could exist in the 21st century globalized world. Well, that may be true in the case of Belgium who haven't had a government for 6 months, but for the rest of us, right across every member state in this union, increasingly people are saying, "We don't want that flag, we don't want the anthem, we don't want this political class, we want the whole thing consigned to the dustbin of history." We had the Greek tragedy earlier on this year, and now we have the situation in Ireland. I know that the stupidity and greed of Irish politicians has a lot to do with this: they should never, ever have joined the euro. They suffered with low interest rates, a false boom and a massive bust. But look at your response to them: what they are being told as their government is collapsing is that it would be inappropriate for them to have a general election. In fact commissioner Rehn here said they had to agree to a budget first before they are allowed to have a general election. Just who the hell do you think you people are. You are very, very dangerous people indeed: your obsession with creating this European state means that you are happy to destroy democracy, you appear to be happy with millions and millions of people to be unemployed and to be poor. Untold millions will suffer so that your euro dream can continue. Well it won't work, cause its Portugal next with their debt levels of 325% of GDP they are the next ones on the list, and after that I suspect it will be Spain, and the bailout for Spain will be 7 times the size of Ireland, and at that moment all the bailout money will is gone - there won't be any more. But it's even more serious than economics, because if you rob people of their identity, if you rob them of their democracy, then all they are left with is nationalism and violence. I can only hope and pray that the euro project is destroyed by the markets before that really happens."
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Anders at http://euro-med.dk/?cat=5 noted in the post headed;
Dictatorial EU (Evasion Union) Fears and Detests Its Citizens - 7 Strong Reasons for It

IV. The EU officials and politicians know the Europeans disgust them
Prison Planet 20 Oct. 2010: Nigel Farage in the EU Parliament to José Barroso, Video: “We have not voted for you and we cannot remove you. Let´s have a new Treaty, and let´s put it to a referendum” A clearly infuriated Barroso then only made Farage’s case stronger by reminding him that he was not elected by the people, but rather chosen to head the EC in a “secret” parliament vote – and that Farage belongs to the Parliament. 
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Separately (although it could be included as a boondoggle designed to ease money from the clutches of the poor and middle class to the benefit of banksters and the "elite" cucumbers...) -
Peter Oborne wrote an interesting article:
High-speed rail will be a scar across the heart of England
 
That will reduce the journey time from 4 hours to 3 and a half.
hughs commented
Peter Oborne is not alone when he says of the projected £17 billion cost of the line from London to Birmingham alone that "experience suggests that the true figure is almost certain to amount to very much more than that".
A detailed analysis of HS2 Ltd's own figures by the business analyst Dr. John Savin MBA, undertaken for Wendover HS2 action group, concluded that:
* HS2 Ltd states that the construction and renewal costs would amount to £17.85bn. The real cash cost would be 40% higher at £24.55bn, and could be as high as £34.7bn if Treasury guidelines were used.
* By claiming non-HS2 passengers as HS2 passengers, 'new demand' forecasts are substantially over-estimated by over 90%.
* Estimates of non-cash indirect benefits are inflated by at least 45%.
* HS2 Ltd fails to make clear that 84.7% of HS2’s economic benefits would go to London, the South-East and Birmingham. Rather than benefiting, Scotland would see its economy shrink by £220m.
* HS2 would increase total annual UK transport emissions by at least 0.5%; HS2 could not therefore be carbon neutral as is claimed.
Savin's full report can be accessed at http://www.wendoverhs2.org/news/latest-news/55-business-case-analysis
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CCNet perspective of policy relevant news matters -
In the CCNet newsletter where Dr Peiser (GWPF) wished readers a happy Thanksgiving the following was observed:

The fall of 1623 marked the end of Plymouth’s debilitating food shortages. For the last two planting seasons, the Pilgrims had grown crops communally – the approach first used at Jamestown and other English settlements. But as the disastrous harvest of the previous fall had shown, something drastic needed to be done to increase the annual yield. In April, Bradford had decided that each household should be assigned its own plot to cultivate, with the understanding that each family kept whatever it grew. The change in attitude was stunning. Families were now willing to work much harder than they had ever worked before. In previous years, the men had tended the fields while the women tended the children at home. “The women now went willingly into the field,” Bradford wrote, “and took their little ones with them to set corn.” The Pilgrims had stumbled on the power of capitalism. Although the fortunes of the colony still teetered precariously in the years ahead, the inhabitants never again starved. --Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War, Penguin Books, 2007

The below articles considered policy relevant were noted:
"I am vindicated," says Republican Senator James M. Inhofe of Oklahoma, who was ridiculed by environmentalists in 2003 when he declared that [catastrophic] man-made global warming was the "greatest hoax ever perpetuated on the American people." He has reason to crow: His party's sweep of the midterm elections will bring into office almost four dozen new lawmakers (11 senators and at least 36 House members) who share his skepticism about climate change. --Jim Snyder and Kim Chipman, Business Week, 24 November 2010

Meanwhile, the number of Americans who agree the earth is warming because of man-made activity has been in free fall, dropping to 34 percent in October, from 50 percent in July 2006, according to a poll by the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press.-- Jim Snyder and Kim Chipman, Business Week, 24 November 2010

A Canadian climate-change research foundation is celebrating its 10th anniversary, but has already begun winding down its operations after failing to get new funding from the Harper government. The budget crunch at the Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences comes on the heels of revelations that the government is leasing out the Amundsen, a coast guard icebreaker equipped to monitor climate change in the North, to a pair of fossil-fuel companies for oil exploration in the region.—Mike de Souza, The Vancouver Sun, 24 November 2010

IN an age of austerity, it is vital we think outside of the box. This ought to be especially true of environmental issues, an area in which Britain remains wedded to old thinking. We desperately need a pro-growth, pro-jobs strategy to help the private sector get us out of our present mess – yet the unthinking, uncosted green consensus that all three major UK political parties have accepted wholesale is fast becoming one of the major barriers to a proper recovery. Britain’s manufacturing sector has bounced back over the past year but it remains smaller that at the previous peak. It will be hard for it to grow much more unless the government’s policies towards carbon emissions are loosened. What is really crazy is to cripple UK Plc with unaffordable costs that will drive business to China while doing nothing to help the planet. --Allister Heath, City A.M. 25 November 2010

One year after the so-called "ClimateGate" scandal, several questions about global warming remain. So a number of groups are calling for a "real" investigation. Myron Ebell, CEI's director of energy and global warming policy, adds that another reason his group is calling for another examination is because investigations initiated by the university, the British government, and in the U.S. were all "whitewashed." --Chris Woodward, OneNewsNow, 25 November 2010

This is precisely the sort of intentional obtuseness that brings both the University of East Anglia and climate science into disrepute. There are many Climategate articles wondering how climate scientists can regain public trust – with the Guardian praising the creation of an attack squad. A better method would be for institutions, including IPCC and CRU, to provide straightforward answers. To stop playing the stupid word tricks that characterize so many climate science “answers”. –Steve McIntyre, Climate Audit, 24 November 2010

More articles considered relevant in the newsletter as follows:
Forget Decarbonisation: Obama's Shale Gas Bonanza - National Journal, 28 November 2010
Green Energy Funding Slumps - Financial Times, 25 November 2010
Head of IPCC Surprised People Didn't Like Bogus Climate Data - Science 2.0, 22 November 2010
Climategate Whitewash: UEA & Russell Panel Are A Joke - Bishop Hill, 23 November 2010

More recently (29/11/2010);

In contrast to last year's Copenhagen meeting, this year's United Nations meeting on climate change has all but gone unnoticed. --ABC News, 29 November 2010 

I'm a little depressed about Cancun. The problem is not going away, it's getting steadily worse. --Al Gore, Reuters, 25 November 2010 [Would that be a reference to CCX and his income?]

Global action is not going to stop climate change. The world needs to look harder at how to live with it. –The Economist, 26 November 2010

The government’s chief scientist has dismissed hopes for a deal at this week’s United Nations climate change conference — and said Britain should start preparing for a warmer world. --Jonathan Leake, The Sunday Times, 28 November 2010 (pay wall)

Mercifully, nobody will pay attention to the climate conference at Cancun next week, where a much-reduced group of delegates will go through the motions. The delusional dream of global action to combat climate change is dead. –Margaret Wente, The Globe and Mail, 27 November 2010

One benefit of meeting in Mexico is that the climate conference will avoid the embarrassment last year when the Copenhagen meeting ended in an unexpected blizzard. It's harder to sell global warming to world leaders who have to flee the city before their flights are grounded by an ice storm. The worst the Cancun conferees will have to deal with is the threat of being kidnapped by heavily armed gangs of drug dealers. – The Washington Times, 29 November 2010  

Snow is starting to disappear from our lives. According to Dr David Viner, a senior research scientist at the climatic research unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia, within a few years winter snowfall will become "a very rare and exciting event". "Children just aren't going to know what snow is," he said. --The Independent, 20 March 2000

Also;

Britain is shivering in record-breaking cold weather for November despite data from the Met Office that we could be in for an unusually dry and mild winter. –The Daily Telegraph, 29 November 2010
Editorial: Climate Craziness Cools In Cancun - The Washington Times, 29 November 2010
There Are Black Days Ahead For The Carbon Industry - The Sunday Telegraph, 28 November 2010
Matt Ridley Arm-Wrestles Bill Gates On Climate Change And Africa - Matt Ridley, The Rational Optimist, 28 November 2010
Forget Green R&D: Bankrupt Ireland Doubles Carbon Tax To Plug Deficit - The Irish Times, 26 November 2010